Wednesday, April 30, 2008

TDR Interview: Priya Venkatesan '90

Review correspondent Tyler Brace conducted the following two interviews with Prof. Priya Venkatesan after news broke here on Saturday afternoon that she was threatening to sue seven students from her Writing 5 classes. Prof. Venkatesan—now of Northwestern University—is currently still planning to sue the College. —A.S.

By Tyler Brace.

The Dartmouth Review
: My first question is—you are an alumna of Dartmouth—what was your experience at Dartmouth like? Was there any racism or bigotry? Was it a positive experience?

Prof. Priya Venkatesan: I had a great experience.

TDR: What made you decide to teach at Dartmouth?

PV: I wanted to be in the capacity to reproduce the positive undergraduate experience that I had.

TDR: You mentioned in one of the e-mails you sent out to your students that Dartmouth has a reputation for….

PV: I can’t be specific about that, but Dartmouth does have a reputation for conservative and sheltered. Dartmouth is very secluded, very sheltered.

TDR: Moving on to the issue at hand, could you comment on Tom Cormen [Chairman of Dartmouth's Writing Program]?

PV: Sure, I am like, I really have a lot of work right now, I have two book manuscripts to work on, that doesn’t even include the manuscript about my life in higher education, I have two grants to work on, I have an article to work on, I have three articles to work on, I really have so much work to do and you would not even believe, I really have a lot of work to do. I am not the kind of person who wants to make a big fuss about petty or trivial things. So, I have a lot of things to do that I could be focusing my attention on in very productive ways.

TDR: I can understand that. If you like, I can just ask you a different question if you want.

PV: To your question, Tom Cormen was consistently rude to me and he was very unsupportive of my teaching in the Writing Program. I am perplexed as to why he would give me an offer to teach four sections in the Writing Program and then show absolutely no support, no professional support, and I wasn’t even looking for personal support, no professional support or guidance, and trying to do my best job to be a writing instructor. Now to give you the background, I taught writing in my graduate school at the University of California San Diego. I was what they call a teaching assistant. The students get graded by teaching-assistants in the research universities, not like Dartmouth where the professors grade the students. I was a teaching assistant at the University of San Diego, and I have three teaching evaluations. They were all spectacular. They were all spectacular. They were all positive. I could fax them to you. I don’t mind, I could honestly fax them to you, but no professional support or guidance from the beginning. But, I was confident in my ability to teach expository writing, so I went about it with very little support or direction from the department. That is, in itself, very unusual to have a writing program that does not have a structured orientation program for its new writing staff. Very, very extraordinary. Very out of the ordinary. Very unusual.

[The whole interview, after the jump.]

Usually if you go to schools that have established writing programs or institutes for writing they will give you a two to three day orientation that introduces you to teaching that gives you some pointers, some advice, some suggestions on how to be the most effective teaching instructor. These orientations are not meant to dictate your teaching philosophy or ethics. They are meant to orient you, to guide you in the teaching process to be an effective expository writing teacher. There was no orientation. That in itself is questionable. It is very questionable. It raises flags about the quality of the writing program. I did approach some administrator saying where’s the orientation. She gave me this blank, actually it was a phone conversation, so I can’t see a blank face, but it was like a blank expression over the phone, like I don’t know what you’re talking about. There was no orientation. So Tom, when the students started complaining about me to Tom, Tom did bring me to his office a couple of times and said, “Tell me how things are going.” But what is unusual about what Tom did as a professor, as a writing program director, is that he did not side with the colleague. That is also very, very strange. That is odd. In any professional academic setting it is not academic de rigueur to go against a colleague when students are bitching about them. I don’t know how else to put it.

TDR: Right, right.

PV: Tom did not side with me. He did not show any official support for me. When incidents happen, when suspect incidences were happening, he would essentially try to dictate my teaching philosophy. He used very strong language in telling me what I needed to do to meet the needs of the students. I think yeah, you need to meet the needs of the students. But sometimes students have a different agenda than just learning. Who knows, what the agenda of the students are. I can’t read their minds. That is very strange because when I talked to my colleagues in California, they came back to me and they said, “Why isn’t your boss supporting you?” And I said, “I don’t know.” That is really strange that the boss doesn’t support you, we’re colleagues.

Something more pedagogical is that I question the administrative judgment of Dartmouth for putting someone who is a professor of computer science in the capacity of directing a writing program. How? My first question to that is because I’m not a computer scientist and I don’t know what their training is. But I was taught about writing. I basically had years of experience teaching writing before coming to Dartmouth. Why is it that someone who is in computer science given the directive to promote the interests of writing at Dartmouth? My first response is what is someone who has a computer science background going to know about teaching writing? What are they going to know? They haven’t been trained in literature or composition rhetoric. They have no training in that. I’m not even going to give you the rumors that were circulating about Tom, that’s just gossip. I’m not going to get unprofessional. I’m just going to give you my personal assessment of Tom Cormen as my supervisor and as director of the Writing Program. I’m not going to go in to rumors.

TDR: Thanks for that. Why do you think a pretty significant amount of your students did complain about you? Why do you think that is?

PV: I think that sometimes when you have some students and some instructors they mix like oil and water. That could just be the explanation. It happens all the time, Tyler. Sometimes when a person goes into a corporation, they mix like oil and water. Sometimes when a person goes into a fellowship at a research institution like the one that I’m at now, the supervisor and the fellow mix like oil and water. It just happens a lot.

TDR: I can certainly understand that.

PV: I can’t speak for the students. I don’t know what their expectations were of me. When I was a student at Dartmouth I tried my best to show respect for the professor and to meet his or her expectations. My job was not to bully the professor, that was not my job. That was not my role. My role was not to bully the professor. My role was not to convince the professor that they were stupid or didn’t know anything or to question their knowledge. I was never aggressive with any of my professors. Now that courtesy was not returned to me. My students were very bully-ish, very aggressive, and very disrespectful.

TDR: What kind of bullying did you experience in your classes?

PV: It came out in the D [the College's newspaper, the Daily Dartmouth] about the applause, so I don’t want to go through that. But that was very disturbing, that was a very disturbing event, so that’s just one example. There was also one instance when I was demonstrating an example, I would do any method I could to try to—that was the problem. The students manipulated the situation so that they totally undermined the academic system. The whole academic system was undermined. The whole integrity of the course, the whole academic integrity of the course was undermined because it never became about the students meeting my expectations, it became about me meeting their expectations. They abrogated that right. They abrogated, they turned the tables around. Bullying, aggressive, and disrespectful.

It became no longer came about them meeting my expectations, and this through the process of totally undermining my professorial authority, questioning my knowledge in very inappropriate ways, so that it no longer became about the proper academic way about them meeting my expectations. No, it was about me meeting their expectations, because what were they going to do if I didn’t meet whatever expectation they had, whether it would be, I wasn’t white, whatever, I was different, I talked about ideas that were strange, I came off as very eccentric. I can’t make things up, I can’t read their mind. So they would use any type of vulnerability. They would use this and write these horrible evaluations that hardly reflected my efforts and quality of my teaching.

TDR: You mentioned how your students maybe expected someone who was white, in talking to them and reading their evaluations, you don’t really see anything referencing race. What do you have to say about that whole aspect?

PV: I think that’s a really good question and I kind of have to step back and say that I think, and this is really the only comment that I’m going to make, is that I think that discrimination is very hard to prove, and I think that my claim is going to be very hard to prove because I think that discrimination is very subtle. I think that right now because there are so many laws out there, slavery is outlawed, we have the Civil Rights Act, we have all these laws in place to protect minorities, to protect women, to protect the elderly, so we have these laws in place. No one made a comment about my ethnicity. That did not happen, and I have to say that it did not happen. So what is the basis of my claim? I think that the basis of my claim is that the behavior, like I said in which the tables were turned around, was partially motivated by race. I am going to be the first one to say that is going to be very difficult to prove in a court of law, but I think if I get my story out there and tell them this is my assessment of what happened, then I think that’s a social good.

TDR: So with regards to the racism allegation, would you say this is more of a general feeling than any specific event?

PV: There were a couple of events. There were a couple of events.

TDR: Could you elaborate for us?

PV: I think at one point when I was reading a paper during the writing workshop, there were two students, they were actually the more obnoxious students in the class, they were the impolite ones, who would have a little conversation about how geeky or how socially inept an Indian student was. You could tell that it was an Indian because the name they mentioned was South-Asian, and I know that, because I can recognize South Asian names. That was one example. In terms of any other specific incidences, it may be more difficult to prove. To say that that behavior, that type of disrespect is because I’m an East-Indian female is a little bit, maybe it’s a leap, but I don’t think it’s an irrational belief. I think it could be based on reality. I think when I detail these events that I just told you, about Tom Cormen’s attitude, about all these things, it’s the attorney who knows the law and that can make the assessment about whether I have a legal claim about discrimination. I can’t make that claim. All I can do is write down the events that took place in the most factual matter, and that’s what I’m in the process of doing right now.

TDR: Is the book definitely going to happen?

PV: Books always happen. They always happen. I’m [working] with a literary agent right now, I’m waiting to get more responses from them. Dartmouth is just going to be one chapter in the book. But I think like the things I’m telling you right now are going to be in the book. Tom Cormen as a writing director, his treatment of me. I talked with a reporter from the Dartmouth Independent. It was a two hour phone conversation, I’m serious, I went into really great detail about what every student did and about what Tom Cormen did that was unethical. Both the students and Cormen being unethical. Unethically behaving or disrespectful, or what the students exactly did. I’m kind of burnt out from talking about specifics. But what I can do, when that article comes out from the Dartmouth Independent, and you have questions about that, feel free to call me and I can address whatever questions you have about the incidences.

TDR: You mentioned how the students were bullying you, saying certain things, were there any incidences when you might have done that. Several students told me that once you came in the room and were calling them fascist demagogues. Do you deny that?

PV: Not true. I never name called any student in that class. I never name called any student in that class. What happened was that I went into class after that whole clapping incident, and I said. ‘What you did was horrific. What you did was really bad.’ Not bad, I didn’t accuse them of being bad, I said what you did was unacceptable. They started arguing with me. I said fine. You think you know everything. You think you know everything without the knowledge base to boot, without the training, you think you have a command of all the knowledge in the world at this stage in your life, then I’m sorry, that is fascism and that is demagoguery. When I made the two words fascism and demagoguery I looked at the picture on the wall. I made sure that I did not look at the students, and that I did not make any personal attacks on them.

The fact of the matter is that by being so arrogant about their command of knowledge about arguing with me about every point that I was making and that’s really arrogant. That’s very arrogant because frankly, and I’m not trying to be an academic elitist, but frankly, they don’t even have a B.A. They’re freshmen. They’re freshmen. The maturity that they had, and I think that’s what it is, I think it’s a lack of maturity, I don’t think it’s any character flaw, I just think it’s a lack of maturity and when they grow up they’ll find that it’s really tough to succeed in the real world and I really will start respecting my professor.


TDR: In one of the many course reviews of your classes, and through talking to some of your students, I’ve heard them say you’re not open to other opinions. For example, you banned questions in class. I was told you said something about them not having their Ph.D., B.A., Master’s, etc.

PV: This is a total misrepresentation. I don’t know what is motivating their behavior. I am not out to get them. I gave them mostly very good grades. I don’t know what the issue is to why this absolute, demonification of me, I don’t understand that. Rarely have I encountered this. The sense that I’m being demonized by a community that I had nothing against and with good intentions of joining, anyway that’s an aside, what I did was for the majority of my two sections between fall and winter before this incident, I permitted questions during lecture. But I noticed that many students were dissatisfied with that because some of them really did want to learn from me and hear my lecture out but that these questions were derailing the lecture, so I basically said to the students after this incident that I was not going to permit questions during lecture but right after lecture we would have a discussion section or if we have a class that is more discussion oriented then you’re permitted to ask questions.

One of my colleagues from San Diego told me, and I’m not sure I agree with it, but she told me, and please don’t quote me with saying that I agree with this, don’t take it out of context, but she said the classroom is not a democracy and the way she runs her classroom is with an iron fist. I’m not like that. I’m not the iron fist, but I think my genuine attempt to teach them—I think they tried to take advantage of some of my ability not to be this iron fist. I think a lot of professors are like, I’m the boss of the classroom and you listen to me, and that’s probably the norm. I’m a little more lenient, I’m a little more liberal, and I think this was kind of taken advantage of. I think also that many times when I was lecturing, many of the students would take over the class.

While they took over the class, the students that were questioning me would not question the student, but they would consistently question me. In other words, in that setting, the student had more authority than me. Usually the student that questioned me was a white male. When this white male spoke he was given more authority of knowledge, more respect than I was given. I think that was an example of racism. So this kind of thing was going on. It made me feel very uncomfortable. But I did not ban questions I just said leave them for the lecture, because what was happening was that people were asking questions that would just derail the lecture, and a lot of people did not like that, so I said questions after lecture. This demonification, this criminalization of very rational behavior, is very disturbing that it takes place. I don’t know if it’s just endemic to Dartmouth. Dartmouth is the only place I experienced it.

TDR: There is one specific incident where I heard from one of the girls in your class who was pretty outspoken, and one day she hadn’t spoken for a while and you said, “Could we have a round of applause for this girl, she hasn’t spoken in ten minutes?”

PV: She was probably the most abrasive, the most offensive, the most disruptive student. She ruined that class. She ruined it. She ruined it. That class actually had a lot of potential, there were some really bright kids there, but every time she would do a number of things that were very inappropriate. For instance, I had basically gotten a hold of Blackboard technology, but I was making some mistakes too because I was new to the system, and every time that some link was wrong or some link wasn’t set up right, [girl x] in the beginning of class would point this out to everybody. Then what happened was, I was lecturing on morals and ethics and she just gave me this horrible look, and I was pretty disturbed. I just said what is going on here? The problem with [girl x] is that she can’t take criticism. She can’t take the fact that there is something wrong with her work. Now, some people are like that, a lot of people are like that, unable to take criticism, but the fact of the matter is that I have the PhD in literature, I make the assessment if someone has talent for philosophy, literary theory, and literary criticism. A student might say, well, the hell with you I’m still going to become a literary critic, I had to do that, there were people who criticized me while I was a student, you’re not a good writer or whatever, but I said well I’m still going to go ahead with my goals, but I never made any personal attacks on them or made life difficult for them or was rude to them. I just did the socially acceptable way of dealing with criticism, and [girl x] is the kind of student who does not know the socially acceptable way of dealing with criticism. She thinks the way to go about doing it is to go to my superior or to try to undermine my ability to teach the class. One of the things that she did, this is also really interesting, was that she would always ask me how to spell things. That was her thing. She would say how to do you spell this? How to you spell that? I mean—what am I supposed to do?—so I would tell her. One time Tom Cormen was sitting in the class, and she asked me, how many T’s are in Gattaca. This was the kind of question she was asking, “how many T’s are in Gattaca?,” and I was about to answer her and Tom Cormen pre-empted me, “two t’s.” I’ll leave you to interpret it.

TDR: No. No, I don’t understand that.

PV: I have to tell you: it means tenure track.

TDR: Oh, okay.

PV: Because I wasn’t tenured track.

TDR: Oh, okay, yes.

PV: They were trying to intimate that I wasn’t ready for tenure track.

TDR: Yes, okay, I didn’t realize that’s what that meant.

PV: I’m kind of making this leap because this is the kind of subversiveness that was going on in that environment. That [girl x] would ask how many t’s are in Gattaca and that Tom Cormen would respond, “two T’s” as if I had no grasp on tenure track. ..but with [girl x], something’s going on with her. I’m not a doctor, but she’s not all there.

[Editor's Note: At this point, Mr. Brace ran out of tape. What follows is from a second interview conducted the next day.]

Venkatesan: I’ve decided not to pursue any litigation with regard to my grievances at this point, and I have also decided that if sources outside of Dartmouth approach me, that I will respond by saying that this is, you know, what I’ve said, and not prefer to comment on this matter. I know that right now that I don’t want my family to suffer, and I don’t want people to work with in this community to be affected by what I’m doing, so it is as much in my interest as it is theirs to withdraw pursuing a legal avenue. You know, this is not to absolve Dartmouth of any wrongdoing, but to show that, um, you know, it’s tough to address these kind of issues against a really large institution, being just one person myself. So, I’ve kind of come to that conclusion, that this is what I should be doing. I know that it may seem that I’m kind of like copping out, but I think it’s in my best interests at this point. I think—I’m really very touched that people have shown interest in my issue and in my matter. But you know, I just don’t know if going legal is going to be the way to go.

TDR: So, are you still going to be pursuing the book?

PV: Definitely. Probably the way to go—you know, I think, I just don’t feel like the courts are the way to address this issue. I feel like by getting my narrative out there about my experiences, and then leaving the interpretation open to the reading public, that would be great. If people are interested in my story, you know, then I would be more than delighted to share it with them. But right now, the legal road is probably causing more harm than good.

TDR: I have a few questions about your educational background and how it relates to the courses you teach, and some other specific questions. Yesterday in a lot of the interviews you granted, you referred to “the clapping incident”, and I was just wondering if you could explain to me what exactly that was.

PV: Sure. It’s basically we were talking about The Death of Nature by Carolyn Merchant. I believe I talked about how the scientific revolution—what effect it had on women of the period. In the context I brought up the witch trials of the Renaissance, and I was trying to make to make the claim—it was kind of a paraphrasing of Merchant’s argument, it’s not necessarily mine—that—I really want to get this right, so give me a second—what exactly did I say? I made the argument that—I’m trying to put this in context now—I made the argument that in many cases science and technology did not benefit women, and if women were benefiting science and technology, it was an aftereffect. It was not the goal of science and technology. It was a very feminist claim, and you may not agree with it. But that was Merchant’s argument; it wasn’t my argument, and I’m not a feminist scholar, so I was really making an argument that wasn’t mine and paraphrasing.

But there was one student who really took issue with this—and he took issue with this, and he made a very—I’d call it a diatribe, and it was sort of like, well—science and technology, women really did benefit from it, and to criticize patriarchal authority on the basis that science and technology benefited patriarchy or men, was not sufficient grounds for this type of feminist claim. And he did this with great rhetorical flourish; it was very invective, it was a very invective sort of tone. And I think what happened afterwards was that some people—I can’t name them, and I don’t know how many there were, but it was a significant number—started clapping for his statements. It was a very humiliating moment to my life; it was extremely humiliating, that my students would clap against me, when all I was trying to do was talk to them about arguments and argumentation, in the light of what I had been trained with. In other words, it’s kind of interesting that when you are trained in graduate school, it’s sort of like, you know, you’re trained in this kind of—I don’t want to say it’s political—you must be aware that most college campuses are very liberal, right?

TDR: Oh yes, certainly.

PV: Yeah, and the training which you receive, it’s very much slanted toward a particular political point of view. And it’s almost unstated—I’m not saying that this is good or bad, I’m just saying that this is the case—but certainly political framework is absorbed into academic material, and you must be aware of that by reading, you know, arguments by academics. You know, they talk about things such as Marxism—that’s just the intellectual way of thinking about it. But maybe to the general public, these are issues that are not considered objects of general discussion. You know what I mean?

In other words, talk about, you know, in French theory—we talk about Lacanian psychoanalysis. Lacan was a very radical psychoanalyst, but he’s considered almost like a god, Jean-François Lyotard… Bruno Latour—highly regarded in the field of science and technology studies. But these students aren’t aware of the framework in which I was training. They’re not; they’re just coming into college. So right there, there’s a discrepancy between what I know and how I was trained and their worldview. Do you see what I’m saying?

TDR: Yes.

PV: So there was immediate friction, because basically the concepts that I was trying to bring to them were concepts I was not inventing on my own. They were concepts that were part of the field, and I was trying to bring it to the table. It offended their sensibilities, because the whole course of “Science, Technology, and Society” was about problematizing science and technology, and explaining the argument that science is not just a quest for truth, which is how we think about science normally, but being influenced by social and political values. Now I’m not telling you this to convince you of this. I’m just saying that this is the framework with which I approached the course—that I wanted to bring this view that science and technology; there’s an ethics behind it. This type of argumentation—the reason I did that in the context of expository writing, I thought “by reading arguments, they will learn how to form arguments, think better, and write better.” That was my goal, because when you think better, you write better. All this offended their sensibilities, and there’s ways of responding of arguments that offend your sensibilities. The way not to do it is to be abrasive, rude, and engaged in this type of rhetoric. And that is why I had a lot of difficulties in dealing with the students in the class. What effectively happened was that my voice was taken away, and it was taken over by a lot of students. And I know that one of the students complained to the dean that he stopped paying attention in class. And I said “Well, of course they stopped paying attention, because the class had been taken over by a bunch of students who were just discussing it by themselves on their own, and it became very boring, because they didn’t have the argumentation permitted to them. They were just discussing without any framework, so that’s why the class was somewhat degraded by the end, and people complained because of that, but I felt pretty much restrained—constrained. I couldn’t negotiate the class because it had gotten to this level, that my voice and my authority were effectively eliminated from that class.

I’m not trying to dramatize it; I’m just trying to tell you how I felt about it. And that’s, that’s my point of view. That’s my sense of what took place. It wasn’t in any way what I was trying to take away from the rigor of the class; in fact, the opposite of that. I really wanted to enforce the rigor, whereas I was met with a lot of resistance.

TDR: I’ve spoken to some of the people involved in this specific incident. Is it true that after the whole applause incident, you said that it was a good discussion and you were pleased with the way things turned out?

PV: That’s not true.

TDR: That’s just what I had heard, so you deny that?

PV: Yeah, I deny it, I completely deny it. I was certainly not in the frame of mind to say something that would take that much decorum, actually, to take that much graciousness.

TDR: Okay. Tell me if I’m wrong, but after the incident, you didn’t attend class for the next week. Why was that?

PV: I was on doctor’s orders.

TDR: What did the doctor say?

PV: I went to the doctor because over the weekend I had basically been—I don’t know how to put it—I had basically been crying to my husband, and he said “Why don’t you go to the doctor, see what she can do for you. Maybe this is something you could talk to the doctor about, get some advice.” So I did, and what she recommended was not to attend class for—she recommended not to go back for a full week, and I said no, I wanted to go back on Friday. I was going to have class on Friday, but it was Winter Carnival weekend, and the doctor’s orders were: “You’ve just been through a lot in the past few months, you know, so much that you should really take kind of a break. You should take a break from the whole situation for awhile, step back,” do you know what I mean? That really helped, but when I came back—I probably needed a two-week break, I don’t know, I’m not a doctor—but I said I’m going to try to go back on Thursday or Friday. I scheduled class on Friday, and I got a lot of complaints that said “This is Winter Carnival weekend, you can’t hold class on Friday.” And I said “Okay, I’ll schedule class on Monday.” And this is how the thing went, back and forth, it was like any time I was trying to enforce any kind of goodwill or good-naturedness or anything like that with the students, they were just so like, um, demanding, they just demanded more. You could do nothing to please them.

If you praised them, they’d intimate “You don’t have the authority to praise us.” If you criticized them, they’d say “You don’t have the authority to criticize.” So what do you do? You try to teach them, they’d argue with your ideas, and they’d be very rude and hostile. It was a no-win situation for me. There was nothing I could do to meet the demands of the students. As I was saying earlier, that’s not the classroom setting. The classroom setting is where students meet the expectations of the professor.

TDR: So you say that students should meet the expectations of the professor, but the professor shouldn’t meet the expectations of the student?

PV: Well, I think it’s a dialectic; I think that’s what they call a dialectic. It’s a two-way street, right? It shouldn’t be a one-way street, and I agree with you. I think that the professor should be attuned to the students’ needs. I think that’s probably a good way of putting it, and the students are there to meet the expectations of the professor and to respect the professor. But to be playing constant devil’s advocate all the time and be difficult in that way was so degrading.

TDR: Couldn’t it be said that an important part of the educational process is this kind of back-and-forth questioning of ideas, and many would argue that that’s very important, and that professors’ ideas should be questioned. What do you think?

PV: Yeah, I think professors are not immune from being questioned. I’m not saying that these scholars I’ve studied should not be questioned, but the comments I was getting on my papers were like “Oh, this thinker is like, the worst writer in the whole wide world,” or “This thinker thinks they know everything,” and I would be getting irrational things from them. These weren’t thoughtful statements; they were irrational.

TDR: Some questions about the course in general: one thing that’s come up is this frequent discussion of postmodernism, which a lot of the students I’ve talked to still can’t really define. Can you tell me what postmodernism is?

PV: Postmodernism has different definitions, but I’m going to give you the definition according to the guy that invented the term—and he’s Jean-François Lyotard. He wrote a book called The Postmodern Condition, which was published in 1984 in America. The book basically outlines what is called the state of knowledge in post-industrial societies, that because of the influx of computer knowledge, information society, that we are going to have a change in what is known as expert knowledge versus lay knowledge. And I’m sure this will resonate with you because when you go to the computer, you access the Internet and you can get all this information.

Prior to the computer industry or information technology, this was not possible. There was a strict division between expert knowledge and lay knowledge. Expert knowledge of course would be defined as science; science was, according to positivism, the way by which we arrive at knowledge, a truth by the scientific method. Postmodernism was a challenge to that. It challenged the fact that science was the only way of arriving at truth. It was saying that we would have a leveling of the playing field in knowledge. The second thing that it’s about is art, which in the period of modernism and literature—when you go back to [Emile] Zola or the modernist authors—for them, for them art was about the misting of reality. And art should follow the scientific method—that literature and art should follow the tenets of science. According to Lyotard, in the postmodern society, art and literature were going to be in something of a dichotomous relationship with science. In other words, art and literature were going to be now put on the same level as science.

There’s another element to postmodernism prior to the information society in philosophy. The philosophy was about going after knowledge for knowledge’s sake, so you had people just talking about philology, biology, economics, just for the sake of knowledge. But for Lyotard, knowledge would be about efficiency; it would be about doing things better. Knowledge would be not for the sake of knowledge, but for the sake of productivity and technical efficiency. So that’s what postmodernism is about; it has nothing to do with the overthrowing of capitalism. It has nothing to do with it; in fact, postmodernism appropriated many of the tenets of capitalism in what it was talking about. It was not considered a liberal or leftist way of looking at life, although many postmodernists have been thought of as being left-wing or liberal. It was not in any way like that—I just wanted to quality that.

TDR: One of the complaints from many of the students is that the course featured a lot of postmodernist and feminist sort of thinking that was not necessarily described in the course description, and they were a little surprised by what they actually found when they got to the course. Do you think that the way you presented the course initially matched up with those more abstract theories that you covered in the class?

PV: Yes. Possibly what I could have done… I don’t remember the course description, to be honest; but the course description was approved by Tom Cormen. And Tom Cormen knew the reading materials; he interviewed me, so he knew what my teaching philosophy was like. He never discussed the course with me, I have to admit, but Tom Cormen approved that course description, okay? So if there was any illegitimacy about it, he should have approached me about that; I don’t really remember the course description, so I can’t really comment on that, but I don’t remember if I put those readings on there. So basically the complaint is that it was too heavy on—what were the complaints about exactly?

TDR: What I’ve heard is that students went into the course expecting something very different from what they got, with its emphasis on feminism and postmodernism and less standard theories than you’d find in an introductory class made them wonder what they had really signed up for.

PV: Yeah, I mean… [long pause] I don’t know how to answer that because I wrote that a specific portion of the course was on the debates—they really enjoyed the debates about global warming, stem cell research, and the Human Genome Project—so I know that I spent a significant portion on the debates. What I don’t understand is that there were many students who were very very satisfied with the course. I mean, there were students in the fall term, not winter term—winter term just got into a disaster—but fall term I remember there were a lot of students who came into my class with their final projects, and they would shake my hand and say “Thank you for the course.” They were very polite; I don’t know why they’re not coming forward and saying “She was a pretty good instructor.” I don’t know why. The only other thing I want to add is that there were some complaints I wasn’t respecting people’s opinions on specific arguments if they didn’t agree with mine. I remember many times saying to the student, “I think it’s a brilliant statement. I don’t agree with it, but it’s a brilliant statement.” I know I said that many times.

TDR: One thing I heard today from several students was that during one class when you got frustrated that you said something along the lines of that the students weren’t fit to be Ivy League students.

PV: No, I never said that. On what grounds would I say something like that? I’m not on the Admissions Committee, all right? I can’t say that.

TDR: So you deny that?

PV: Yeah, of course! I never said that.

TDR: Okay, another question. You have two Ph.Ds, is that correct? Or a Master’s and a Ph.D? What are they both in, just to remind me?

PV: I have a Master’s in genetics and a Ph.D in literature.

TDR: Okay, and so how do you think your degree in literature relates to a course in science and technology?

PV: Well, my doctoral studies focused on science and literary theory. I’m going to refer you to my book, which is called Molecular Biology in Narrative Form. And I think I have a chapter there on historical and sociology frameworks. I can show you some of my publications; they’re with me here. I have close to—I had a paper in Exit 9 called “The Dialogue on the Scientific Method.” I have an article coming in Social Semiotics on the entry of postmodernism into laboratory science. I have an article in another edited collection called Discovery in Molecular Biology and Continental Philosophy. Right now I’m working on my second manuscript, which is called Narrative Theory in Science Studies: Bridging the Two Cultures. So my publications attest to my knowledge of science and technology studies. Most of the conferences I’ve been to have been on science studies. Some of them have been on literature studies, but most of them have been on science studies.

TDR: Could you ever see yourself working in the Dartmouth—undergraduate—College Community again?

PV: Right now, I anticipate no. I don’t know how things may change, but right now, I don’t anticipate coming back to the East Coast. I think it’s just a different culture, and my goal is to go back to California, because I really like California. I don’t know.

TDR: You’re at Northwestern right now, right?

PV: I am at Northwestern, and I’m really enjoying it now, but word has gone out at Northwestern about my suit, so I don’t know if I should tell you... I don’t know what’s going to happen here, but hopefully, I won’t have too much of a fallout. I don’t want my career to suffer here, you know. People here have heard about my suit, so I kind of want to like, you know, withdraw at this point [as of press time, she has told TDR that she is now pursuing legal action], because I thought I could do it on a very private scale, but I can’t, unfortunately. Unfortunately that’s going to work in Dartmouth’s interests rather than mine in terms of addressing my grievances, so whether my grievances will be addressed, I don’t know, but at least I can write a book about it. I’m already starting to write a book, so, yeah, that’s all I can do.

TDR: Have you had any discussions with Dartmouth about addressing your grievances?

PV: Yeah, I talked about it with one of the deans. He recommended seeing a general counsel. I am trying to go to the Dartmouth presses to see if my grievances can be addressed, but actually, you know what? I think I’m just persona non grata there because of what happened… I know I was going to alienate people, but when this level of distress is caused for an individual, I just think that there should be more responsibility out there about what goes on in terms of academic discussion. And I think one of the problems is that you know, someone like me… my academic interests aren’t disciplinary, and they’re not mainstream. So when you ask “What is postmodernism?” People don’t really understand a lot of the things I’m working on, and when people don’t understand things, they kind of get into attack mode. Rather than try to understand it, they prefer to attack than try to understand it. That’s not just about Dartmouth, but I think that’s about many, many, many places and situations. So I have may have been facing that. And I also wanted to add about Professor Cormen and Dr. Lowery, who in my opinion are men of science. They think that their knowledge is the only knowledge worth having. They think their work is the only work that should be done; that’s just the impression that I got from them. When someone comes and tries to problematize something that they’re doing, which is science and technology—this is something I was facing with the students—they get very combative and hostile and resistant. So I think that—and this is how I’m going to conclude this interview—that what I was facing with the students was really similar to what I was facing with Cormen and Lowery, with attitudes about their work, there was no room for questioning it.

And I think it’s very anti-intellectual; that’s one of the things I mentioned in the article, that that’s a very anti-intellectual thing to do.

TDR: And just one more question—and now that you’re withdrawing your suit [she is now pursuing legal action], would you like to take this time to apologize to the set of students that you named?

PV: Absolutely not. Absolutely not. This is not to absolve them of the wrongdoing that they did—they did a real number on me. They did a real number on me. I can talk at length about postmodernism and stuff, but they should treat me as a human being; if they can’t realize that at this stage in their life, then that’s really disturbing. I’m not apologizing to any member of the Dartmouth community; I still have the same grievances. I am showing the same indifference to the Dartmouth community as they showed to me. It’s like, what comes around goes around. And it’s not vindictive, but that’s rather just the way it is. You show indifference, then that indifference gets returned. And this is because I don’t want my family to suffer. I don’t want my family to get dragged into this, and I don’t want any other place that I go to get dragged into this. There are different institutions, and hopefully, wherever I’m at, it will be a really healthy place for me, but I want this to kind of blow over at this point. I think it’s in everyone’s best interest.

I think it’s really nice of you to do this, because I feel that it’s getting my story out there, and that’s the most I can ask for, and I really thank you for doing that and not taking me out of context. That’s great. Thanks.

169 comments:

Anonymous said...

"I’m not even going to give you the rumors that were circulating about Tom, that’s just gossip. I’m not going to get unprofessional."

Way to bring that up in the most unpleasant and superficially professional way possible.


She starts to sound less insane towards the end, and I'm sure it was all quite distressful for her, but it looks to me like she had the wrong attitude to teaching in the first place. From what I've heard, I still support the students' reactions to her, although I think they may have reacted in unnecessarily abrasive manners.

Anonymous said...

The trustees are right, after all. Dartmouth cannot turn out graduates like this and then let them have any hold on the reins of governance.

Although people unaccustomed to giving interviews can struggle through them, and it is a very different skill set than writing, this exchange was ridiculous. Do the students get a refund?

Dartmouth '09 said...

"My role was not...to question their [professors'] knowledge."

That's exactly what students are supposed to do! They supposed to challenge conventional wisdom, to think critically, and to examine before accepting. They're supposed to resist being spoon-fed information and to avoid mindlessly accepting anything presented to them.

Not a doctor, but said...

Obviously this person has a mental imbalance. And I don't mean that in a condescending or snide way; her students probably did give her a hard time. But I see real signs of paranoia and inappropriate behavior, and I think she should take some time off and ask a psychiatrist for help.

Average Joe said...

First: She sounds much better towards the end of the interview. But she sent out that horrible email to the student that ended with "Have a nice day." That is both reprehensible and vindictive to do that to kids in their first year of college.

Second: It sounds like she has spent most of her time in the hive of soft reasoning. When actual challenged with hard reasoning in her class she was clueless as to how to analytically respond. I suspect this was the same reason she had problems with the scientists in the medical research lab.

Third: I've noticed that the people most apt to flash their PHDs around are the ones that aren't able to carry an argument with cogent reasoning.

The Priest said...

This is a fake interview, right? She doesn't actually speak like this does she?

Anonymous said...

She doesn't actually speak like this does she? .



It is a bit unfair to run a verbatim interview. Most people can't string together a coherent paragraph when they're speaking. I know I can't. I know the President of the US can't. I do know that there are some talented people on television who can come close, but they're so rare they get paid big salaries.



Having said that, I think she still sounds like a bad person to be teaching smart students who aren't afraid to question authority.

Anonymous said...

All organizations make hiring mistakes. But she was at Dartmouth for 2 and 1/2 years, (without tenure). That is a problem of management.

Anonymous said...

most of the review's interviews are verbatim

Alex said...

"The whole problem with the world is that fools and fanatics are always so certain of themselves, but wiser people so full of doubts."
- Bertrand Russell

Anonymous said...

Thanks to TDR for following up and getting more information on this. She obviously had a bad experience teaching her seminar, but she seems to accept zero responsibility for any of it. Two things in particular jumped out at me:

1. Even when pressed, she's not specific about anything, other than maybe the clapping incident. She found her students generally disrespectful, but doesn't say why or how, just that she perceived disrespect.

2. It sounds like she just had a generic bad job experience, not that she was discriminated against.

I am perplexed as to why he would give me an offer to teach four sections in the Writing Program and then show absolutely no support, no professional support, and I wasn’t even looking for personal support, no professional support or guidance, and trying to do my best job to be a writing instructor ....

But, I was confident in my ability to teach expository writing, so I went about it with very little support or direction from the department. That is, in itself, very unusual to have a writing program that does not have a structured orientation program for its new writing staff. Very, very extraordinary. Very out of the ordinary. Very unusual.


This is a general complaint that Ms. Venkatesan didn't think she was given enough guidance. Some jobs involve more hand-holding than others. As far as I can tell, Dartmouth's program isn't very structured--they expect (1) the professor to generate a reading list, (2) the students to produce a certain quantity of writing, (3) the professsor to give a certain amount of feedback, and (4) the class to meet 1x/week and the professor to give out grades at the end.

Given Ms. Venkatesan's extensive experience and the fact that she'd been to Dartmouth before, the administration probably figured she could handle the job without detailed instructions. Maybe that's too much to ask, and maybe the writing program can be improved along these lines, but that certainly isn't the basis for a lawsuit or for the rest of Ms. Venkatesan's tantrum.

3. When a professor loses the respect of her students, it's usually not entirely the students' fault. Smart people are among the most difficult to teach, and freshmen in particular can be annoying sometimes. But it sounds like Ms. Venkatesan wasn't up to the task. One of her complaints is that her students expressed some kind of substantive disagreement with her or with the reading materials. If she's right that their criticisms were ignorant, the appropriate response is to explain that to them, not to say "you don't even have a B.A." Ms. Venkatesan supposedly has a Ph.D., and is supposedly teaching in a field where she has some expertise. When someone 6 months removed from high school asks her a question about her field of expertise, it doesn't seem like too much to ask to expect her to try to answer.

I suspect that the students gradually showed her less respect as she gradually showed herself to be less deserving.

Anonymous said...

The thing on science and technology not benefitting women is interesting.

If the student attacking the Merchant reading was actually making a good argument, then good for him. Once he finished his speech, I'd say "write it up."

If he was making a bad argument--i.e. if he wasn't addressing Merchant's argument on its own terms, talking past Merchant or not understanding Merchant's premises, assumptions, logic, etc., then I'd hope Venkatesan could point that out. It takes some skill to do that, but supposedly this is her field of expertise...

Anonymous said...

Is her strange gripe about "Two Ts" serving as a code word for "tenure track?" Would one of the "ignorant" freshmen she taught know this? I spent four years at Dartmouth and have gone on to grad school, and I never heard this type of illicit code before...
--05grad

Anonymous said...

Unless there is a good reason to do so, it is shoddy journalism to publish verbatim interviews. Everyone already thinks this woman is a nut. It is unfair to drive the point home by making her sound completely incoherent.

Someone wrote that the Review always publishes verbatim interviews, but I googled a few of them and the first three I opened were clearly not verbatim. Perhaps the Review only does this when they want to make the interviewee look bad?

Anonymous said...

@11:04:
If Venkatesan knew this would be published verbatim, then its obviously not "shoddy."
Also, this is a blog. Blogs publish things, generally, in a rapid-fire way. Haste over polish.

I think most peple reading this have the sense to recognize that a verbal slip up or two (or many) is not unreasonable in a lengthy interview on a personal issue. This was an opportunity for Venkatesan to voice (unedited) her thoughts to a campus forum; she clearly pursued it and continues to clamor foir publicty (see Dartblog, which has a letter up that she wrote to a journalist at the Chicago Tribune...maybe SUn-Times, actually...whatever...).

A.S. Erickson said...

The interviews were cleaned up substantially during the transcription process; to alter it even more would be to alter the spirit of the interview.

A.S. Erickson said...

I should also point out that Prof. Venkatesan took pains to point out that she did not want the interview edited or changed in big way, so that her words would remain in context.

Anonymous said...

So long as the interviewee understands/consents, I see nothing wrong with publishing verbatim interview transcripts.

Most 5-year-olds understand that people's syntax is different between their speech and their writing.

Dave said...

It seems pretty clear that the students were well aware of this woman's untenured status and were rubbing it in! It kind of sucks that Dartmouth requires (almost) everyone to take this course then staffs it with temporary and adjunct "faculty". Several of the writing instructors actually are listed on the program website as holding a mysterious degree called A.B.D. Where I come from we call that a Master's degree!

albatros said...

It's good that the tone of commentators softened up towards the story target a little bit by the end, the firstcomers were sending here to psychiatrists (aka mental houses) on the first round - thanks, they can eat this dish themselves.
Of course Priya is distraught and somewhat confused as to which way to turn the interview (remember at that point she was still contemplating the legal path).
But she seems simply emotionally vulnerable - and that is very human, some of us are not "made in .." automata.
I guesss she got carried away with an opportuity to talk about more sophisticated concepts close to her heart-mind, and forgot that the guys in front of her are freshmen who need basics. Whose fault is it - certainly not that of the students. But we, guys on the sideline, away from the heat of personal involvement and tenure issues, can and should be more broadminded and understanding in assessing the situation.
Her shaky (and probably doomed) attempt to involve Law as a retribution - I suppose she went for a consultation, and the guy in a 3-piece suit said "Sure, we can do it. Just sign here".
This step on her part is regretful as demeaning and also hopeless, but, hey - everybody else tries to pull one off, why not me, right?

Anonymous said...

albatros, nothing to disagree with there... My guess from reading the blog posts here and at Dartblog, however, is that she hasn't yet gotten to the point of consulting an attorney.

(1) If she had seen a lawyer a week ago, I think her "notice" e-mails to the students would either have been drafted differently or not sent at all. They're written in the clumsy language of a lay person who thinks she needs to speak legalese. From my limited experience, a lawyer sends those e-mails when either (1) the lawyer has a draft complaint sitting on the hard drive ready to file the next week, OR (2) the lawyer knows what he wants from the recipient of the e-mail and sends the e-mail as an opening to negotiations of some kind.

(2) The statement she made to Dartblog, "essentially, I am pursuing litigation to see if I have a legal claim, that is, if the inappropriate and unprofessional behavior I was subjected to as a Research Associate and Lecturer at Dartmouth constitutes discrimination and harrassment [sic] on the basis of ethnicity, race and gender," is something a lawyer would probably advise against. She's basically admitting (a) that she's threatening litigation without having investigated whether she has a viable claim, and (b) that she's thinking of filing a complaint without doing a good faith investigation. Generally, lawyers aren't allowed to file complaints without doing some kind of investigation into the law and the facts first.

(3) Related to the above stuff, I think she'd be much more careful generally about what she says to the blogs and the newspapers if she was actually intending to sue. In her interview, for example, she basically hands Dartmouth a non-discriminatory explanation for everything that happened to her--according to her, all her troubles were due to a lack of guidance/orientation and, possibly, Cormen's decision not to take her side when she lost control of her class and lost her students' respect. Unless there was a secret orientation program for white guys or unless the writing program instructors stepped in to help white guys control their classes, I think she's got nothing.

Also, on a tangent, it's kind of a cheap shot to take to say that Prof. Cormen's CS background makes him unsuited to direct a writing program. From what little I know, Prof. Cormen is a much better writer than many liberal arts types out there, and if one wishes to criticize the program, one should do so on the basis of its methods and results, not on the basis of which department its director is in. Joe Asch, to his credit, has given the matter a bit more thought, and has more substantive things to say when he criticizes the writing program (though he's not above the "Cormen's a CS guy" remark, if I remember correctly).

I'm not an employment lawyer, though, so if any legal types out there care to add or contradict anything, feel free.

Anonymous said...

How is it that her problems with the course are due to racist white males when she herself says that a girl was the "most offensive" student in the class?

She needs her head examined

Anonymous said...

As a student in her class last term, I have to request the interviewer to post up the recording of this interview somewhere. Although the transcript provides a good impression of Venkatesan, the actual conversation will probably give the audience a better sense of what the class was like for us in those 10 weeks.

Now, if video was to be provided, one would be able to see Venkatesan's look of total confusion when she talks...

Anonymous said...

Lest the old traditions fail! I love my alma mater even more knowing that the 11's that were in her class had the guts to actually take issue with her arguments and the assumptions about reality she takes for granted as universally accepted in "liberal academia." You know what the true definition of liberalism is? A variety of opinion! A true liberal is not in lock step with everyone around them, they understand that diversity is not about skin color--diversity is about ideas. What this woman can't handle is any idea that is not her own. And in her graduate seminars she should have been taught to examine arguments and to accept or reject them on their merit, not on their popularity. If the feminist scholar's view (which was not her own, but that she articulated to the class) of the affect of technology on women and vice versa was controversial, she should have relished the discussions that ensued. When the class clapped for the student who disagreed, they clapped because finally, another view in the class was heard other than the Professor's. That is the sign that this woman is not actually a true liberal.

Anonymous said...

And she should not have been bombarding freshmen with theory. Freshmen need facts before they need theory. The idea that a writing seminar was conducted as a lecture? That shows the incredible egoism of this woman and her utter insecurity. My freshman seminar was a wonderful mix of lecture and discussion in which we were given classic literature, and historical facts--which we were encouraged to interpret with our own minds. We could argue against our Professor's understanding of medieval monasticism or what have you, as long as we had evidence, and a good argument. What this woman tried to do was bombard freshmen with literary theory, when their minds were eager for facts, and the chance to interpret them on their own. She was the one who "hindered the discourse." She was the one who did not allow them to think critically. The only critical thing she accepted was critical theory. If someone wanted to believe in truth, or worse yet, use their mind to identify the faultiness of her arguments? This was not allowed in her classroom--no matter what she says--she did rule with an iron fist--quenching any idea but her own. She is suing the school (or might be suing the school) for one reason alone--wounded pride that someone had the audacity to question her ideas. Kudos to every student in her class who represent to me what is best about Dartmouth--the courage to be a voice crying in the wilderness!

Anonymous said...

This woman is apparently mentally disturbed and she was matched with a class of spoiled, demanding students. I don't know why the English Department staff were unaware of Venkatesan's state and why they did little to intervene. The students could have been more understanding rather than exacerbate the situation further by tauting an emotionally weak professor. I think the verbatim format of this interview was appropriate because it provides a hint of her emotional state.

Anonymous said...

@4:36am

It makes no sense to blame "spoiled, demanding Dartmouth students" for their instructor's shortcomings as a teacher. It is obvious now that she was not suited for her position and fortunately she is no longer at Dartmouth. Hopefully she can put this experience behind her and move on to greener pastures. If she tries to exploit her own weaknesses as a writing teacher at Dartmouth, I will have no sympathy for her. She will be responsible for her own undoing.

Larry said...

Transcript

Robyn Williams: Do you think that knowledge exists in a market place, or a supermarket even? For instance, if you don't like science you can opt for non-science, or some other product. Whatever's on offer that suits you.

Isn't science after all another exclusive club of finger-wagging authorities telling you Just So stories? Answer: join another club. Plenty of young people are saying No to science and choosing alternatives. But are they the appropriate alternatives? Is this all Postmodernism?

Whether we blame Postmodernism, the movement that seems to place various sources of wisdom on an equal footing, it does appear to debunk too much. That's what's caused Larry Buttrose to become annoyed about it. It could also be behind the Education Minister, Julie Bishop's attack on the teaching of history in schools. Odd how divisions between Left and Right get blurred in this debate.

Larry Buttrose is doing a PhD on creative writing at Southern Cross University in Lismore.

Larry Buttrose: William of Ockham honed his razor against over-complication, believing that where several different approaches to a question are possible, the simplest solution is preferable. Today I will turn Ockham's admirable razor to the grand windy soufflé of Postmodern Theory.

Theory, so-called, originated from mid-century writers and thinkers such as Roland Barthes, Jean-Francois Lyotard, Jacques Derrida, Julia Kristeva and Michel Foucault, though its evolution can be traced back to the structuralism of Levi-Strauss, the linguistic work of de Saussure, to Nietzsche, to the Greeks.

Theory denies objective truth, positing instead a never-ending horizon of subjectivities: i.e. relativism, and deferral of meaning. Wrapped in the postmodernist parcel is Barthes' 'The Death of the Author'; power relationships inherent in knowledge and language, the debunking of so-called Grand Narratives such as progress, history and artistic originality; and the shifting cultural political implications of every phrase we might utter, inch of newsprint, frame of a film.

The rococo tabernacle of intellectual chic, Theory enjoyed vogue in universities worldwide, but now finds itself closely interrogated. So great has postmodernism's own crisis become that at the start of semester in a compulsory Theory-based writing unit at one Sydney university, students had their tutor commiserate for the pain they would have to endure, and hand around chocolates ... In some ways comparable to John Howard's like-minded scientists who have for the past decade reassured us that all is well and that the earth does indeed remain flat.

Chocolate-coated or not, Theory leaves a bitter aftertaste. Following a recent newspaper publication of my critique of it, the emails I received, overwhelmingly in favour, came mostly from graduates lamenting their precious educational time wasted on Theory as undergraduates. Despite ructions murmured within, the academy kept mum, but the Empire might well still write back, at a time of its own choosing.

I had always instinctively steered clear of Theory, but two years ago, seashortchanged, I accepted an offer to teach creative writing to university students and discovered Theory was de rigour. Reading the source works proved difficult, as they are generally unsuited to reading, aesthetically repellent with comically grotesque jargon, arthritically knotted prose and syntax, which in an undergraduate assignment I would be highlighting with 'Please Fix This Up'.

High on the reading list was Roland Barthes' 'The Death of the Author'. His concern was the authority of the author over their work, which he saw almost as a tyranny of meaning. One might have thought authors ranked rather down the tyrant list, but they drew his fire because they dare to believe they have a deep, inextricable link with their work; that there is their own unique and definite meaning inscribed within it. To Barthes, however, once it leaves the author it's just another 'text', with no inherent or inscribed meaning, a mere tissue of quotation, and the only meaning that which the reader gives: ergo, the reader writes the book.

His argument is predicated on relativism, that no two readings of a work will be exactly the same. Up to a point that's true. But that is just what we call difference of opinion, and it goes back further than Barthes, to the cave. People have always varied in opinions because we do indeed have differing cultural, class and ethnic backgrounds, sense-perceptions and predispositions. We've always known that: it's one thought that is definitely not original. Barthes sledgehammered the walnut, but it was catchy, sensationalist, and resonated because it seemed to give us licence to value our own opinion. But postmodernists didn't 'give' us that. For the most part they've given us little more than a migraine.

Despite our differing opinions, society works consensually. We differ individually on impressions, ideals, ideas, but manage to work together, drive the roads, enjoy friendships and relationships through a working social consensus. The same happens with literature, art, music and film. Despite different views a consensus is reached over time about the meaning, intention, and ultimate value to us as individuals, and as a society, or a work.

I broached my doubts on Barthes with my Theory-trained students, by asking that when they wrote, did it not come from them? Wasn't their work unique to them, with the meaning they gave it, their intention, inscribed within it? And if misinterpreted wouldn't they say, 'You misunderstand. That is not what I meant at all. That is not it, at all.'

I suggested I knew this because that was that they, as authors, had said to me, their reader: 'You'll see what I mean when I express it more clearly'. Even if they held a contrary view theoretically, when it came to their own work, they knew ultimate meaning resided with them. The same goes for Barthes. When he finished 'The Death of the Author' and showed it to a reader, mightn't Barthes have said, 'No, that's not what I mean. Sacre bleu! Read it again and you'll see what I mean, s'il vous plait.'

I made the further point that some students were researching the letters and diaries of Virginia Woolf, to cast more light on her fiction. Why should they do that if 'Mrs Dalloway' and 'To the Lighthouse' were mere texts, divorced from the life of the author? The answer is that, human to human, we know an in dividual is inscribed in every word they write: that it's an extension of their mosaic of experience, their very genes. The human search for deeper meaning abides. With its dandy sense of irony, postmodernism may celebrate the mirrored surface, the happy consciousness of this Nokia world, but we know there's more, and delve for it.

The more I looked at Theory, the curioser it became. To its adherents, all meaning is deferred, relative, subjective, except Theory itself. But for Theory to work the relativism inherent in it must be an objective truth, a fact, in which case it becomes the sole objective truth in the universe, like God, or a sun around which all lesser relative truths revolve like minion satellites; but if all things are relative, as it posits, then Theory itself cannot be objective truth, according to its own tenets. Instead, it merely becomes the latest of its so-called Grand Narratives.

This isn't to say the questioning of Grand Narratives had not been positive in some regards, but as Theory has ossified into orthodoxy it has become what it debunked, and we are left with philosophical dogma, with all the flaws and untestability of philosophy, yet a dogma that has run riot through universities.

During a panel session at this year's Byron Bay Writers Festival, I read out a definition of history by British postmodernist Keith Jenkins, whose book 'Re-Thinking History', has long been a set university text.

Quote: 'History is a shifting, problematic discourse, ostensibly about an aspect of the world, the past, that is produced by a group of present-minded workers (overwhelmingly in our culture, salaried historians) who go about their work in mutually recognisable ways that are epistemologically, ideologically and practically positioned and whose products, once in circulation, are subject to a series of uses and abuses that are logically infinite but which in actuality generally correspond to a range of power bases that exist at any given moment and which structure and distribute the needs of histories along a dominant-marginal spectrum.'

Although it was unsurprisingly received with hooted laughter from the audience, I had to point out that it represented something serious, an institutional dereliction which has exposed a generation to risible waffle as bonafide teaching material. For two years I had witnessed my students struggling, frequently despairingly, to comprehend maladroit typing of this ilk. The academy has always had inhouse terminologies, but Theory has taken it to a nadir of self-referential absurdity. Under its regime, 'literature' has become almost a taboo word, and were Theory allowed to continue its spread into secondary education, students might end up able to discuss the semiotics of advertising, but unable to do it in writing.

The Left has been in crisis for some three decades now, oddly, co-incidental with the rise of Theory, and nowhere has it been deeper than in the universities. In this most economically 'rationalised' era, undergraduate years are no longer seen as a time for free thought, rebellion, even fun. But could Theory also be at least partially the reason for campus conservatism?

Surely that's preposterous. Isn't Theory doctrinally of the intellectual Left, feminist, post-colonial, queer? True. But put aside for a moment what is being said, and look at how it is. Here in the guise of leftist politics lies a disdain for the democracy and social utility of direct communication in plain language. Here in a textual assault on authority is an authoritarian orthodoxy, to be accepted no matter how opaque its liturgy. To demur is to misunderstand: to agree is to know, is to join the academic elect. In practice, Theory is deeply conservative, and its precious self-absorption may have muddled the political will, especially of humanities students, historically the most radical.

The emperor has long been running naked through our campuses. Theory is appropriate to philosophy and linguistics, but its ideological colonisation of the humanities and creative arts has seen it bully a generation, dissipate learning time, and lay siege to students' self-belief.

And while students have been confined to barracks trying to crack the omega code of Theory, the Right has steamrollered the world with draconian measures and resource-driving military adventurism. Despite the best efforts of Theory's many apologists, the theoretical darling of the intellectual Left is largely bullshit-frosted bourgeois elitism, a tragedy for all who count ourselves on the leftist progressive side.

As Kurt Andersen commented in New York magazine in October 2005: 'For several decades the philosophical ground has been softened up by the relativism and political correctness of the secular left, which succeeded in undermining the very idea of objective reality and of calling a spade a space, so now in the resulting marsh, fantasies like Intelligent Design spread like weeds.'

Theory was put on notice, however by the world which thrust its head through postmodernism's filmy veils of relativities and said I'm here, I'm real, and I'm hard. Commentators have written that Theory's end began with the attacks of September 11th 2001. That Old Testament impact testified that there is a real world out there, with verifiable historical actualities.

When it passes, Theory won't be much mourned, even clearly remembered. Outside the academy it's considered humbug. Books are received as they always have been, for insights into human experience, depth and emotional force. And it is consensus, filtered through opinion and time, which creates a de facto global canon including authors of all creeds, races and kinds.

It's time the academy got over its teenage precociousness and addressed this hard-faced age in language plain and direct. Following the announcement that he had been awarded the 2005 Nobel Prize for Literature, Harold Pinter stated 'The job of literature is to engage with the world.' The same could be said for artists, indeed anyone of conscience. Or is that just another Grand Narrative?

Robyn Williams: Could be. All I can say is that my own guiding narrative has been Oscar Wilde's dictum 'Nowadays, to be intelligible, is to be found out.'

Larry Buttrose is doing a PhD on creative writing at the Southern Cross University in Lismore. And his latest book is called 'Powerful and influential - people who have changed the way we think.'

Next week, the Ultimate Narrative from Professor Yasmin Haskell in Perth: Is chocolate an effective antidote to hypochondria? You'll be surprised.

I'm Robyn Williams.

Guests

Larry Buttrose
Author
Blue Mountains
New South Wales

Publications

Title: Powerful and Influential - People who have changed the way we think
Author: Larry Buttrose
Publisher: New Holland Publishers

Presenter

Robyn Williams

Producer

Brigitte Seega

Sunday 8.45am
Presented by
Robyn Williams

Ockham's Razor | Radio National | Programs A-Z© 2008 ABC | Privacy Policy | Conditions of Use

Brady Westwater said...

Assuming she was not stoned out of her mind on drugs during this interivew, she is painfully incapable of making logical, coherent arguements. My 7th grade English class would have reacted the same way to her lack of professionalism.

Daniel said...

She's just a really bad teacher. That's it.

Anonymous said...

The material she was using to teach first-year writing and thinking was absolutely inappropriate.

Anonymous said...

Why does this woman repeat every single statement she makes several times? She reminds me of rain man.

Anonymous said...

Her definition of postmodernism makes no sense and is largely incorrect. It doesn't have anything to do with science, or lay knowledge vs. expert knowledge. Nor could she correctly summarize Marchant's argument. How can anyone come up with meaning from that? In addition, there's an inherent contradiction in the applause incident, where she says she was only summarized an argument that wasn't hers, but felt personally insulted when the students didn't accept it. She can't distance herself from the idea and yet internalize it at the same time. The students probably sensed she wasn't comfortable with her subject matter and exploited the opening.

Anonymous said...

She asked why the students who shook her hand last semester weren't coming forward as positive character witnesses now... though she herself claims that although she had some teachers who she disagreed with, she held her tongue all the same. Kids aren't defending you because they didn't like you in the first place... and the fact that you automatically believed that they did shows the problem with your teaching methods. If students cannot give their own opinions - on the teaching, the subject matter (FACTS!) and normative conclusions, the teacher is a record-player, perpetuating his (or her, colloquialism is heteronormative) views. This leads not to proliferation of ideas, but to the 'zooming in'. Nothing new would be explored.

Unfortunately this type of teaching does exist elsewhere. I experienced it this fall at a different Ivy League university, from an Indian woman who, if life was written by an Ironist, might have been Priya's sister. Same lecturing, same rigid focus on postmodernism in an expository writing seminar, and same deferrence of ideas. I now wish I had stood up for sanity as the students at Dartmouth have...together hopefully we can defeat the self-perpetuating monster dubbed Critical Theory.

ventana said...

Just a story from my own undergraduate education. I took a class from a woman who I found to be very pleasant, interesting, and knowledgeable about her field. She bonded with the class to the degree that we were all invited to her home at the end of the session. I was very disturbed to find out, a few semesters later, that all her students despised her and were challenging her abilities and even right to teach. Student teacher dynamics are funny things, but out of respect for the institution (and of how much dad is shelling out) you'd think militancy could be constrained to Sproul Plaza rather than disrupting the whole course.

Anonymous said...

Priya Venkatesan is a loser.

As an Indian, I feel embarrassed that this lady uses her ethnicity to imply that it had anything to do with her inability to simply "get along" and make a class interesting. Like any other group, Indians make fantastic teachers and pathetic ones. In the US, several of them work in more racially challenging environs than a privileged Ivy league school. Her behavior reminds me of Clarence Thomas raving about racial injustice when he actually got an easy ride to the top.

Priya will argue that a class does not necessarily need to be interesting and that such an a priori expectation causes a bias against her. As pointed out by others her interview responses are turgid and indicate some serious character flaws for a teacher.

Medical doctors and teachers should be thoroughly vetted for normal inter-personal behavior, however brilliant they might otherwise be. I squarely blame Dartmouth's management for hiring such a sketchy person and inflicting them on students who pay a pretty bundle for their education. I too have had teachers who need serious professional counseling. Way too many make it to jobs they should not ever hold in the first place. Dartmouth should follow up with the professors who recommended her for the job to dwell on their mutual failure in sizing an educator.

Frank said...

I just finished a grad degree at Cal State and I can tell you this type of teacher is becoming more common. Universities have lowered their standards to bring in foreign students and some of these people become professors when they are clearly not competent(look at the Ohio University scandal). Since they're from foreign countries they don't understand how our system or laws work and the universites do a terrible job in explaining it. Imagine if your understanding of America was based on your college education! Many of the Americans teaching at these schools have radical beliefs which they pretend are normal which only serves to confuse non-Americans. I believe they bring in these foreign people exactly because it's so easy to confuse them. I have heard also it is becoming more common for these foreign students to be sexually abused or forced to pay bribes also. This is a problem all over but I suspect it's worse in California. In my situation most of my professors and fellow students were foreign. It's like being with a group of inbred hillbillies who all believe something strange and think you're weird that you don't follow. Of course, you don't learn much in that situation. Some of these schools shouldn't be accredited.

Pretty Lady said...

Frank, she was born and raised in New York State, which makes her claim of racial discrimination even fishier.

This is a shining example of a person who has been 'educated' about three degrees beyond her native intelligence. It is doubly unfortunate that one of those degrees was in postmodern theory, but the absurdity of the subject matter only serves to underscore the fact that this person's education is not benefitting her, or society, in any way. She is not fit to teach and she has little knowledge that is worth teaching in any case.

When are we going to start questioning our assumptions that higher education is a worthy endeavor for every citizen, no matter how limited that person's capacities, and how impractical the course of study? No matter how you look at it, this woman is obviously miserable. She has no function in life except to mess with people who are actually trying to accomplish something--learning to write clearly, doing scientific research.

And she invested many years of her life, and tens of thousands of dollars, in advanced degrees which put her in this position. Not only that, but she is dependent upon GRANTS--that is, money provided by taxpayers and/or private donors--to continue her chaotic path of irrelevance.

Surely there's a better way to invest our collective resources.

cricketvoice said...

"I just finished a grad degree at Cal State and I can tell you this type of teacher is becoming more common. Universities have lowered their standards to bring in foreign students and some of these people become professors when they are clearly not competent(look at the Ohio University scandal)."

And how do incompetent Americans like you get graduate degrees? This sort of fallacy-ridden (not to mention, xenophobic/ignorant/etc) argument is surely more worthy of middle-schoolers than a graduate degree holder although cal state degrees aren't exactly top of the line, are they? Given that this lady was born and brought up in the United States, I suspect you have a problem with minorities, rather than "international students."

Frank said...

The idea that someone is attacking me for complaining about lowered standards for international students is very predictable. I would trace this back to political correctness and the issue of feminism which prevents criticism of women. If you remember these feminists around the time I was an undergraduate in the early 90's they didn't pull punches. They came in through a series of complaints, not unlike this woman. Now that they have power any complaint is viewed as a violation of their rights. They've passed on this attitude to the foreigners as well. I had a conversation with a foreign student recently. He did something clearly wrong, so I told him I didn't know where he was from but that's not how we do it around here. His response was that's the way he does it and "I should be careful what I say about foreign people because I could get in alot of trouble". Really, what trouble is that? Where is this law that says thou shall not criticize the foreign? Hint, there is no such law. Any such law would violate basic principles of democracy. The fact that she was born here doesn't really change much. You can also criticize people who were born here!

Anonymous said...

This interview was lifted from "The Onion," right? Really, this "professor" can't be serious. I agree with those who said that there should be a tuition refund.

averros said...

Time to go for the monger of the postmodernist crap.

Hooray for the students who had guts to call the bluff of this impostor. How can anyone blame them for getting fed up with the vaporous inanities of the leftist pseudointellectualism and wishing to return to reason and sanity?

Anonymous said...

after thirty years of teaching in colleges and universities (including the ivy league), you would think that i would have heard that "tt" is code for tenure-track ... but no, i'm afraid it is new to me.

venkatesan TOTALLY lost control of her class, and it seems to have sent her over the edge. most of this interview is tin foil hat material.

ikester said...

I'm a California system grad and never experienced anyone this out of it in any subject.

Anonymous said...

In this interview, Ms. Venkatesan is asked "Can you tell me what postmodernism is?" She gives a 300-word response.
Now, I'm a trainer; I explain difficult concepts for a living. I know when a teacher is bluffing, inserting irrelevant facts to pad out an answer, or regurgitating undigested material.
And I see all of that happening in this, the single most important answer she should have prepared for her students.

Anonymous said...

As far as repeated sentences go, I've done tons of interviews and EVERYONE repeats sentences. It seems a way of buying time for thought. A responsible interviewer would know this and edit accordingly.

Anonymous said...

The ability to teach includes two discrete skill sets, possession of the requisite knowledge in the field of study AND the ability to interact with others effectively to convey that knowledge. Lack of the latter skill renders the former useless.

Anonymous said...

Priya V situation is tragic. Don't ask how I know, but over 15 years ago she was dismissed from an educational institution and hospitalized for similar bizarre behaviors. She changed career paths, but clearly has not gotten the ongoing help that people with her illness need. Tragically, this is playing itself out in the media. Someone needs to intervene. This isn't just a "crazy lawsuit" or "liberal loon".... Hopefully someone at Northwestern can get involved.

Anonymous said...

I am sympathetic to Ms. V. I think she has been in a sheltered environment for a long time where people don't question certain principles.

Her students were probably rude and ignorant, but she should have handled it better.

It sounds to me she spent too much time deconstructing her students as "white" and "priviledged" and did not make an effort to treat them as "students". This explains the "tt" incident and her inability to address their arguements. She could only think of it as a Marxist class struggle playing itself out in class.

She'll learn from this. Too bad she brought so much publicity down on herself.

Anonymous said...

First, it's just a mess to everyone that this is going on, to Ms. Venkatesan and to everyone. The debate over how this got messy doesn't solve anything. Where should it be going? That's the question.

No lawsuits for feelings or different brain-wiring.

We learn the real problem in the interview when we get to Gattaca. It would be nice for Ms. Venkatesen to learn from it if she likes.

The real problem is that two T's in Gattaca are just two T's. It doesn't mean tenure track. Why invent more? Why project what's in her mind? Do college students really start off all outspoken and rude, and then later on send secret codes with the boss's help?

There is another problem that's less important. Other teachers get along with their students.

It might work well to learn from what others say, even if it sounds like thunder. It seems much better to slow down and sit awhile with a student's perceptions of you, much better than just grasping at your few favorite laws and hot ideas about how others need to treat you. Does it really make sense to play court and judge, with your own weights and scales? It seems to go against the desired outcome.

PS The oil and water don't mix, but they get along okay in the same glass.

Flying Lily said...

What idiot at Northwestern hired this person and which innocent groups of students will suffer as a result? Academia needs to develop more rigorous screening procedures for personality disorders.

The "two t's" episode alone shows real barking paranoia.

Anonymous said...

I feel bad for this professor and what she had to go through, although she may have some problems herself. Those student's were rude and ignorant, and they ganged up on her with a mob mentality. It is possible that they did not respect her as much because of her ethnicity as well. I have witness this from students taught by minority teachers/professors.

secret asian man said...

I've made many a paycheck by teaching - not in the academy mind you, but in technical disciplines.

She cannot win an argument against her students. This means that she's incompetent.

As a teacher, you ought to be able to win any argument against your student - from either side.

Anonymous said...

If the class was so terrible, why didn't the students drop the course?

Anonymous said...

I agree if the class was so terribly why didn't the student's drop the class. Also, I want to comment on this quote:

from Anonymous,
"Priya V situation is tragic. Don't ask how I know, but over 15 years ago she was dismissed from an educational institution and hospitalized for similar bizarre behaviors. "

Is this true or heresay? Or are you just spreading gossip? And if this is true, why are you writing about it in public. It seems like a private issue in which only close people around would know and it appears that someone close wouldn't write about it in a public forum in order to plead with anonymous others to help her and rather if they truly cared, they should report it to other people who have the ability to help her if it true or if any harm should come.

From her interview, she seems like any normal person who is distressed and wants to feel some control over her victimization (which may be real or not).

Outright condemnation on her mentality is highly inappropriate if someone doesn't truly know her. Anything can skewed if you will it for it to be.

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